Hispanic

Navigation Menu Cultural Group Guides The following guides emphasize information that can be used to stimulate thinking about cultural differences and prompt questions that will help providers understand how their patients identify with and express their cultural backgrounds. These are not fact lists to apply indiscriminately. African American The following cultural patterns may represent many African Americans, but do not represent all people in a community. Each person is an individual, as well as a community member. The term African American generally refers to people descended from Africans who did not come to the US voluntarily—descendants of the four million slaves brought to the US between and The family may be matriarchal, although father or mother may take on the decision-making role.

Latin American art

Carod-Artal Show more Under an Elsevier user license open archive Abstract Objectives The archaeological, ethno-historical and ethnographic evidence of the use of hallucinogenic substances in Mesoamerica is reviewed. Results Hallucinogenic cactus, plants and mushrooms were used to induce altered states of consciousness in healing rituals and religious ceremonies. Ritual enemas and other psychoactive substances were also used to induce states of trance.

The term Hispanic (Spanish: hispano or hispánico) broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to the Spanish language or the country of Spain, depending on the context.. It commonly applies to countries once under colonial possession by the Spanish Empire following Spanish colonization of the Americas, parts of the Asia-Pacific region and Africa.

See Article History Latin American architecture, history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America , and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. For centuries before about , indigenous American peoples had civilizations with unique architectural traditions; for these traditions, which continue to the present day, see Native American arts.

After about , these traditions often became intertwined with those of Europe and North America ; for these European and North American histories, see Western architecture. The technical and theoretical aspects of architecture are treated elsewhere; see architecture. For a thorough treatment of the often-related visual art traditions of Latin America after about , see Latin American art.

The colonial period, c. Over the course of the next 30 years, Spanish explorers encountered several Native American cities as large and as complex as any in Europe. Before returning, Columbus ordered his men to build a fort—the first European building constructed in the Americas. The Santa Maria , being no longer seaworthy, was turned upside down on the beach, dragged up the coast, and recycled into a fort housing the first Spanish settlers.

Though political governance was absolute and centralized in Madrid—via Sevilla —the cultural landscape of the New World remained decentralized and open to influence from Flanders , Germany , and Italy. In some cases Jesuit, Dominican, and Franciscan priests and architects imported knowledge from Europe to the Americas even before it reached Spain. Architectural and artistic production in the New World emerged as a creative product of this new cultural and geographical freedom.

There are in the city many large and beautiful houses. These people live almost like those in Spain and in as much harmony and order as there, and considering that they are barbarous and so far from the knowledge of God and cut off from all civilized nations, it is truly remarkable to see what they have achieved in all things.

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The Inca Empire was in full bloom. The streets may not have been paved with gold — but their temples were. The Coricancha, or Temple of Gold, boasted an ornamental garden where the clods of earth, maize plants complete with leaves and corn cobs, were fashioned from silver and gold. Nearby grazed a flock of 20 golden llamas and their lambs, watched over by solid gold shepherds.

Inca nobles strolled around on sandals with silver soles protecting their feet from the hard streets of Cuzco. She was sacrificed by Inca priests nearly years ago.

Latin American art: Latin American art, artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America, and South America after contact with the Spanish and the Portuguese beginning in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. Read .

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Spanish language

This method was taken to the West and is referred to as gilding. Many regional variations exist, notable among them the unusually large kufteh Tabrizi , having an average diameter of 20 centimetres 7. From Iberia to India , there is a large variety of meatballs in the kofta family. In Austria , fried meatballs are called Fleischlaibchen or Fleischlaberl.

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They killed some of his soldiers when they came on land on that island Narrator: After two days, St. A Spanish officer later described the attack in a letter to the King. Everything went up in flames. Imagine what it was like for the community and the soldiers and the Governor to behold what they saw when they emerged from the woods. It was a site of smoking ruin. Carl Halbirt believes the city imploded, collapsing into a thick layer of ash. We found a burned deposit that dates to the 16th century.

And within that carbonaceous material, were just lots of broken pottery. But the reason why Drake burned St.

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Culture of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Culture Name Depending upon which island in this twin—island state is being discussed, the culture name is “Trinidadian” or “Tobagonian. Trinidad was named by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage to the New World. On the morning of 31 July , he saw what appeared to him as a trinity of hills along the southeastern coast. The island was called Iere, meaning “the land of the hummingbird,” by its native Amerindian inhabitants.

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In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used. A number of these men, such as Trajan, Hadrian and others, were in fact descended from Roman colonial families. Hispano-Roman is used to refer to the culture and people of Hispania. Spaniard is used to refer to the people of Spain. Hispania was the Roman name for the whole territory of the Iberian Peninsula. Initially, this territory was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. This division of Hispania explains the usage of the singular and plural forms Spain, and The Spains used to refer to the peninsula and its kingdoms in the Middle Ages.

In the Council of Constance , the four kingdoms shared one vote. The word Lusitanian , relates to Lusitania or Portugal, also in reference to the Lusitanians , possibly one of the first Indo-European tribes to settle in Europe.

Latin American architecture

See Article History Latin American architecture, history of architecture in Mesoamerica, Central America, South America , and the Caribbean beginning after contact with the Spanish and Portuguese in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. For centuries before about , indigenous American peoples had civilizations with unique architectural traditions; for these traditions, which continue to the present day, see Native American arts.

After about , these traditions often became intertwined with those of Europe and North America ; for these European and North American histories, see Western architecture. The technical and theoretical aspects of architecture are treated elsewhere; see architecture.

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See Article History Latin American art, artistic traditions that developed in Mesoamerica, Central America , and South America after contact with the Spanish and the Portuguese beginning in and , respectively, and continuing to the present. This article will not discuss the art of non-Iberian colonial holdings that began late in the 16th century and culminated in the 17th; for these territories, see individual country articles e.

For more technical explorations of media, see individual media articles e. The architecture of the region is treated in a separate article; see Latin American architecture. The European discovery, conquest, and settlement of the Americas, which began in , created enormous changes in the indigenous cultures of the region. When Europeans arrived, mostly from Spain and Portugal , they came with painting and sculpture traditions dating back to antiquity.

For these artistic traditions, see Western painting and Western sculpture. For centuries indigenous American peoples had similarly formed civilizations with their own unique artistic practices, from the large political structures of the Inca and Aztec empires to the more scattered presence of small groups of nomadic peoples.

For an exploration of these artistic traditions, see Native American arts. The importation of African slaves led to the presence of long-standing African visual arts traditions in the region as well. For these traditions, see African art. Over the course of the decades and centuries after the European contact, Latin America underwent sweeping cultural and political changes that would lead to the independence movements of the 19th century and the social upheavals of the 20th century.

Culture of Spain

There are several theories and there may be elements of truth to each. As mentioned above, according to Cox, the ritual removal of the foreskin in diverse human traditional cultures, ranging from those in the Middle East Jewish and Islamic to that of Aboriginal Australians, could be a sign of civilization in that human society acquired the ability to control, through education and religion, the age at which sexual intercourse could begin [Cox, ]. Another compelling explanation referred to earlier involves the ritualization of circumcision’s prophylactic effects, especially as many different human groups and cultures that live in desert or other hot environments have adopted it as part of their customs.

Infections, initiated by the aggravation of dirt and sand under the foreskin, are not uncommon under such conditions and have even crippled whole armies, where it is difficult to achieve sanitation during prolonged battle.

Spanish (/ ˈ s p æ n ɪ ʃ / (); español (help · info)) or Castilian (/ k æ ˈ s t ɪ l i ə n / (), castellano (help · info)), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is usually considered a global language and the world’s second-most spoken native language, after.

Rate of Circumcision in Adults and Newborns 1. Those whose eduction was more than a high school diploma had a rate of For men who have sex with men it was Prevalence increased, especially in blacks and Hispanics, from the s through the s. The decline was apparent in all racial group It should be noted that the San Francisco Bay Area is the heartland of the anti-circumcision movement, being where it started and where its leadership and main activists reside.

Clearly this cohort of San Francisco residents differs from the rest of the USA, where circumcision rates are much higher. Circumcision rate in US males was, moreover, higher as a function of increase in income [Xu et al. Rates reported in one study were Most of the men in this survey had been circumcised in infancy.

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